5 Options for Contraception

5 Options for Contraception

We live in a world where there is ample choice, and this certainly applies to contraception. If you’re not keen on family building at the moment and you want to prevent an unplanned pregnancy, there are many ways to accomplish this — almost too many.

To help you make sense of the wide range of contraception options available today, Dr. David Foulk and our team here at Marion Ob/Gyn have broken them down into five categories, which we outline here.

Barrier options

As the name suggests, this approach to contraception relies on a barrier to prevent sperm from reaching, and fertilizing, your egg. There are several types of barrier birth control methods, including:

Each of these options are ones that you use situationally — before you’re about to have intercourse. Note that a condom is the only barrier birth control method that also helps protect you against sexually transmitted infections.

Long-acting, yet reversible, contraception

If you want longer-term protection against unplanned pregnancy, you have several options. 

First, there’s an intrauterine device (IUD), which is a small T-shaped device that we insert into your uterus. IUDs work in one of two ways: They slowly release hormones to control ovulation, or they contain copper, which repels sperm. 

IUDs can last 3-10 years or more and can be removed at any time to restore your fertility.

Another long-term approach to contraception are implants, which we place just under your skin. These implants slowly release hormones into your system to regulate your ovulation.

Short-acting hormonal control methods

If you like the idea of hormonal control for preventing pregnancy, but you don’t want an IUD or implant, there are many other ways in which we can deliver the hormones, including:

These hormonal birth control methods require more action on your part, whether it’s taking a daily pill or replacing your vaginal ring every few weeks.

Sterilization

If you’re sure you don’t want to have children in the future, you can opt for a sterilization procedure in which we block your fallopian tubes, preventing sperm from accessing your eggs. Or, for your male partner, you might want to research a vasectomy.

A natural approach

If you’d prefer not to rely on outside contraception, you can take matters into your hands by practicing abstinence, using the withdrawal method, or practicing fertility awareness.

We hope that the above gives you some good information for making a more informed decision. If you have more questions about contraception, or you’d like to have us move forward with your choice, please contact our office in Marion, Ohio, to set up an appointment.

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